The EU organic logo indicates that this product is in full conformity with the conditions and regulations for the organic farming sector established by the European Union. For processed products it means that at least 95% of the agricultural ingredients are organic. Next to the new EU organic logo, a code number of the control body is displayed as well as the place where the agricultural raw materials composing the product have been farmed.
In Canada, as of June 30, 2009, products represented as organic in interprovincial and international trade, or bearing the Canadian Organic Logo, must comply with the requirements of the Organic Products Regulations, 2009.
- Only products with organic content that is greater than or equal to 95% may be labelled as: “Organic” or bear the organic logo. These products must be certified and the name of the Certification Body must appear on the label.
USDA Organic certification is a certification process for producers of organic food and other organic agricultural products. In general, any business directly involved in food production can be certified, including seed suppliers,farmers, food processors, retailers and restaurants.
Requirements vary from country to country (List of countries with organic agriculture regulation), and generally involve a set of production standards for growing, storage, processing, packaging and shipping that include:
- avoidance of syntheticchemical inputs (e.g. fertilizer, pesticides, antibiotics, food additives), irradiation, and the use of sewage sludge;
- avoidance of genetically modified seed;
- use of farmland that has been free from prohibited chemical inputs for a number of years (often, three or more);
- keeping detailed written production and sales records (audit trail);
- maintaining strict physical separation of organic products from non-certified products;
- undergoing periodic on-site inspections.